Romans Commentary (Original)
Author: The Apostle Paul (Shaul)
Date and Place of Writing: written from the Greek city of Corinth in 57-58 a.d. History and Background: Paul was the first to formally formulate in writing, the key doctrines that define Christianity today. He spent years pressing into Yahweh through the Spirit and working out what had transpired in him through the Spirit and how that related to him (and thereby all of us) as an expert in the Law.
Recipients & Key People: This letter was addressed to both Jews and gentiles. It was not written to a specific church, but rather to groups of people whom he was preparing for his visit. And it would seem that he felt they were ready to receive the intensity of this letter as he testifies of the fame of the faith of those in Rome: “First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.” (v.1:8) Letter was carried by Phoebe, Tertius penned it for Paul, Gaius hosted Tertius while it was written.
Purpose: “THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF YAHWEH” Most important New Testament book on doctrine and theology. Written to prepare Christians for his visit; instruct them in basic doctrine (correct false teachers); explain relationship of Israel and the church; teach duties toward government and each other; and answer slander about himself. The three crosses of Calvary depict three eternal destinies. Romans elaborates on them; the rebels (ch. 1), rulers (ch. 2-8), and citizens (ch. 9-16). Romans is the first of Paul’s letters and the first of three letters he wrote about Habakkuk 2:4; “The Just shall live by faith.” (Romas 1:17; Galatians 3:1; Hebrews 10:38) All Scripture is inspired by Yahweh (2 Timothy 3:16) and useful for: Doctrine—Romans; Reproof—1-2 Corinthians; Correction—Galatians; Instruction—Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians